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FCI-Standard N° 97
(Deutscher Spitz, inklusive Keeshond und Pomeranian)
This illustration does not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

TRANSLATION: C.Seidler / Version originale: (DE).
ORIGIN: Germany.
UTILIZATION: Watch and Companion Dog.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 5 Spitz and primitive types.
Section 4 European Spitz.
Without working trial.
descendants of the stone age « Peat Dogs » (Torfhund) « Canis
familiaris palustris Rüthimeyer » and the later Lake Dweller’s
(Pfahlbau) Spitz; they are the oldest breed of dog in Central Europe.
Numerous other breeds have been produced from them. In nonGerman
speaking countries Wolfsspitz are known as Keeshonds and
Toy Spitz as Pomeranians.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Spitz breeds are captivating on
account of their beautiful coats, made to stand off by plentiful
undercoat. Particularly impressive is the strong, mane-like collar
round the neck (ruff) and the bushy tail carried boldly over the back.
The foxy head with alert eyes and the small pointed, closely set ears
give the Spitz his unique characteristic, cheeky appearance.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The ratio of height at withers to
body length is 1 : 1.
BEHAVIOUR AND CHARACTER: The German Spitz is always
attentive, lively and exceptionally devoted to his owner. He is very
teachable and easy to train. His distrust to strangers and lack of
hunting instinct make him the ideal watchdog for home and farm.

He is neither timid nor aggressive. Indifference to weather,
robustness and longevity are his most outstanding attributes.
CRANIAL REGION: The Spitz’s medium size head, seen from
above, appears broadest at the back and tapers in wedgeshape to the
tip of the nose.
Stop: Moderate to marked, never abrupt.
Nose: The nose is round, small and pure black, dark brown in brown
Muzzle: The muzzle is not overlong and stands in pleasing
proportion to the skull. (In Wolfspitz/Keeshond, Giant Spitz and
Medium-size Spitz the ratio length of the muzzle to length of the
skull is approximately 2:3, in Miniature Spitz and Toy Spitz
approximately 2:4.).
Lips: The lips are not exaggerated, close fitting to the jaws and do
not form any folds to the corner of the mouth. They are completely
black in all colours, brown in brown Spitz.
Jaws/Teeth: The jaws are normally developed and show a complete
scissor bite with 42 teeth, corresponding to the teeth formula of the
dog, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set
square to the jaws. In Miniature-and Toy (Pomeranian) Spitz the lack
of a few premolars is tolerated. Pincer-bite is permissible in all
varieties of the German Spitz.
Cheeks: The cheeks are gently rounded, not protruding.
Eyes: The eyes are of medium size, longish shape, slightly slanting
and dark. The eyelids are black in all shades of colour, dark brown
in brown Spitz.
Ears: The small ears are set high and relatively close to each other,
triangular and pointed; they are always carried upright, stiff at the

NECK: The medium length neck is set broadly into the shoulders,
slightly arched without throatiness and covered by a thick, profuse
coat forming a large ruff.
Topline: The topline starts at the tips of the erectly carried prick-ears
and merges in a gentle curve with the short, straight back. The
bushy, sweeping tail, which partially covers the back, rounds off the
Withers / Back: The high withers drop imperceptibly into the shortest
possible, straight, firm back.
Loin: Short-coupled, broad and strong.
Croup: The croup is broad and short, not falling away.
Chest: The deep chest is well sprung, the forechest well developed.
Underline and belly: The brisket reaches as far back as possible; the
belly has only a slight tuck up.
TAIL: The tail is set on high and of medium length. It reaches
upwards and rolls forward over the back, straight from the root. It
lies firmly over the back and is covered with very bushy hair. A
double curl at tip of tail is tolerated.
General appearance: Straight, rather broad front.
Shoulder: The shoulder-blade is long and well laid back. The
shoulder is well muscled and firmly connected to the brisket.
Upperarm: The upper arm, which is approximately the same length
as the shoulder-blade, forms an angle of 90 degrees to the shoulderblade.

Elbow: The elbow joint is strong, close fitting to the brisket and turns
neither in nor out.
Forearm: The forearm is of medium length in relation to the body,
sturdy and completely straight. The back of the forearm is well

Metacarpus (Pastern): The strong, medium length front pastern
stands at an angle of 20 degrees from the vertical.
Frontfeet: The frontfeet are as small as possible, round and closed, so
called cat feet, with well arched toes.
Toe-nails and pads are black in all shades of colour, but dark brown
in brown dogs.
General appearance: The hindquarters are very muscular and
abundantly feathered to the hocks. The hind legs stand straight and
Upper and lower thigh: Upper and lower thigh are of about equal
Stifle (knee): The stifle joint is strong with only moderate angulation
and is turned neither in nor out in movement.
Hock / hock joint: The hock is of medium length, very strong and
vertical to the ground.
Hind feet: The hind feet are as small as possible, tightly closed with
well arched toes, so called cat feet. The pads are coarse. The colour
of nails and pads is as dark as possible.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: The German Spitz moves straight ahead with
good drive, fluid and springy.
SKIN: The skin covers the body tightly without any wrinkles.
Hair: The German Spitz has a double coat : Long, straight, stand off
top coat and short, thick, cotton-wool-like undercoat. Head, ears,
front side of front and hind legs and the feet are covered by short,
thick (velvety) hair. The rest of the body has a long rich coat. Not
wavy, curly or corded, not parted on the back. Neck and shoulders
are covered by a thick mane. The backside of the front legs is well
feathered, the hind legs have ample feathering from croup to hocks.
The tail is bushy.

a) Wolfsspitz/Keeshound : Grey shaded.
This illustration does not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

b) Giant-Spitz: Black, brown, white.
This illustration does not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

c) Medium size Spitz: Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded,
other colours.
This illustration does not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

d) Miniature Spitz: Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded, other
This illustration does not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.
e) Toy Spitz/Pomeranian: Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded,
other colours.
This illustration does not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.
Black Spitz: In the black Spitz, the undercoat and skin must also be
black and the colour on top must be a shining black without any
white or other markings.
Brown Spitz: The brown Spitz should be uniformly dark brown.
White Spitz: The coat should be pure white without any trace of
yellow in particular, which often occurs, specially on the ears.
Orange Spitz: The orange Spitz should be evenly coloured in the
medium colour range.
Grey-shaded Spitz Keeshond / Keeshond: Grey-shaded is a silver
grey with black hair-tips. Muzzle and ears dark in colour; round the
eyes well defined « spectacles » shown as a delicately pencilled
black line slanting from outer corner of eye to lower corner of ear,
coupled with distinct markings and shading forming expressive short
eyebrow; mane and ring on shoulder lighter; fore- and hindlegs
without any black marking under the elbows or stifles, except slight
pencilling on the toes; black tip of tail; underside of tail and trousers
pale silver grey.
Other coloured Spitz: The term « other colours » covers all shades of
colour, such as : cream, cream-sable, orange-sable, black and tan,
and particolour (with white always as main colour). The black,
brown, grey or orange patches must be distributed over the whole
Height at the withers: a) Wolfspitz/Keeshond 49 cm +/- 6 cm
b) Giant Spitz 46 cm +/- 4 cm
c) Medium size Spitz 34 cm +/- 4 cm
d) Miniature Spitz 26 cm +/- 3 cm
e) Toy Spitz/Pomeranian 20 cm +/- 2 cm
Dogs under 18 cm undesirable.
Weight: Each variety of German Spitz should have a weight
corresponding to its size.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect
upon the health and welfare of the dog.
• Faults in construction.
• Head too flat; distinct apple head.
• Flesh-coloured nose, eyelids and lips.
• In Wolfspitz/Keeshond, Giant Spitz and Medium size Spitz
missing teeth.
• Faults in movement.
• In grey-shaded Spitz missing of distinct markings of the face.
• Aggressive or overly shy.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities
shall be disqualified.
• Gap in fontanel.
• Over-or undershot bite.
• Ectropion or entropion.
• Semi-pricked ears.
• Definite white patches in all not white Spitz.
• Any colour that has the merle factor.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical
conformation should be used for breeding.
The latest amendments are in bold characters.